274A, 274B Data Sheet

Description

This Data sheet. is about the 274A and 274B, which only difference bewteen those two is the tube base. These tubes are a full wave rectifiers, electrically equivalent to the original Western Electric historical tubes.

High Resolution

Anode Detail

The EML tubes feature a series connected filament for both diodes togetherm, which has certain advantages.

This tube can supply 140mA with a normal C-L-C filter. The 274A and 274B are designed for Audio purposes, and best use is with a small size first capacitor.

The EML 274 is also specially suited for applications with relatively high DC voltage. The new ceramic sockets we use sind 2011, are make this possible.

Guarantee program for first owner

At EML we have the normal guarantee. In addition to that, the first owner can register the tube within 4 weeks after receival, at the Emission Labs ®website, to participate in the 5 years guarantee program.

Our Guarantee conditions


Register here for the 5years guarantee


Features

  • Soft rubber suspended tube base
  • Hard metal Construction (Note1)
  • Two extra large getters
  • Hand blown Glass bulb
  • These tubes are shipped in a high quality dual box
  • Tube printing with real gold (metal), red color is glass burned into the glass
  • YAMAMOTO tube sockets highly recommended.
  • Gold Plated pins,black ceramic socket.(White bottom.)

Sound Character of the 274A, 274B

It is the most asked question, and behavior of a power supply depends a lot on the type of tube rectifier used, and the way it is used.

With 274A, 274B, the intention is to have only small current peaks through the capacitor, and mains transformer. This will result in less mechanical hum of the transformer, less electrical and magnetical hum radiation into of the preamplifier, an improved sound compared to lower impedance rectifier tubes such as 5U4G, or even solid state rectifiers.

For ultra low ripple, it is recommended to use the Lundahl LL1673 dual coil choke in low CMR configuration. In this configuration, there is virtually no field radiation from the choke. (See link to circuit diagram, at the bottom of this page). 

Filament Ratings
Filament Voltage
5 Volt (AC or DC)
Tolerance on filament voltage
5%
Filament Current
2 Ampere

Maximum ratings
NOT possible simultaneously
Take one maximum number, you must de rate another
READ all notes at the bottom of this Data sheet
AC input voltage
550Volts
First capacitor, connected to Anodes
4uF
DC output current
160mA

Typical Conditions
for C-L-C filter See: Note 2
DC output voltage
450Volt
Total rectified current
140mA
First capacitor, connected to Anodes
4uF
Choke
10 Henry
Second capacitor
max 20uF

For a total (C1 + C2) capacitance above 24uF, a limiting series resistor must be used, so the peak in-rush current through the choke is limited to the saturation current of the choke, or max 600mA, whatever comes first. Otherwise tube damage can result. MUST MEASURE. Can not be calculated in a reliable way. For lowest hum, this resistor is in series with the choke. So you get a C-LR-C filter. In this way 200uF is possible.



274A Mechanical Data

Tube Size including Socket:
140 x 58 mm

Tube weight
130 Gram
Shipped weight for
double box with one pair
395 Gram
 
274B Mechanical Data

 

Tube Size including Socket:
147 x 55 mm
Connections:
Filaments: 8 + 2
Anodes: 4 + 6

Single Tube weight
125 Gram
Shipment weight
400 Gram

Some Design Notes for Tube Power Supply

Notes

  1. Good care should be taken when making the design of any DHT rectifier. It must be prevented to have strong current peaks, through the first capacitor, because consequently this flows through the tube anode, and transformer windings as well. The transformer will produce mechanical hum by this, most specially if there is no such thing as windings symmetry by design, or if the windings copper resistance is choosen too low. (Which is a bad tranformer design error). The transformer becomes noisy, and also the tube will suffer. For this reason, the first capacitor (C1) should never be larger than stated in this data sheet. Although it sometimes seems to work "better", exceeding the capacitor value is a wrong thing to do.
  2. Mechanical transformer hum, and also tube current peaks are greatly reduced by a smaller capacitor value. In order to achieve the same amount of filtering, simply increase the choke value accordingly. Although it is clear, higher capacitor values come at lower cost than high value chokes, working with a smaller capacitor and larger choke, is always better. The result will be: Lower mechanical transformer hum, less electrical field radiation into the pre-amp, and more lifetime from the rectifier tube. This is why we recommend using largest chokes, and actually today these are not overly expensive. From Lundahl, high value chokes are achievable at the same price as HiFi capacitors, like from a Mundorf or Black gate. So we have to go back to the roots, and use high quality, large value chokes, like in the old days of radio design.
  3. For best ripple suppression, increase the choke to any value you need, or even use an C-L-C-L-C circuit, as also advised in the historical RCA data sheet. So we are advising this, same as it was advised almost 100 years ago already.
  4. Higher capacitor values as the data sheet maximum limit may sometimes be used, yet only at very special conditions. This can be the case, if the rectifier is used at siginificant lower voltage and lower current than maximum. Though we advise against it, you may see this occaisionally. This is however often wrong, if not done without carefull measurements, proving peak current is within range. Moreover there is no real need for this. As a rule of thumb, high voltage power supplies are work best with large size chokes, specially at high output current, whereas low voltage power supplies are more conveniently build with larger capacitors.
  5. Windings symmetry is needed with HV transformers to prevent hum. A HV winding with center tap, requires most of the time FOUR separated HV windings inside the transformer, which are arranged for the end user as one winding with a center tap. It is remarkable to see, how transformer manufacturers have forgotten this today. If simply two windings are layed over each other, the inner winding has smaller copper resistance than the outer. With load being not identical this way, a small DC current results, which pre-magnetises the transformer core, and mechenical hum is the result. However we have a tube data sheet here, no transformer construction manual, so we can not explain this in more detail.
  6. Each tube is numbered from the inside, with a metal Tag.
  7. Some of our competitors claims to be the only one with a center tapped filament, but this is not true. At EML we build since many years all tubes center tapped. With rectifiers, the series connection makes the middle of the filaments virtually grounded, when using a heater supply winding with a grounded center tap.
  8. Don't experiment with lower filament voltage, to expect better lifetime. If it was that easy, we would make them like this ourselves. The specified filament voltage is the one for best lifetime.